Archive for September, 2011

The New Legion has been Published!

After weeks of working on rosters and detail the revised 27th Texas Cavalry Regiment has been installed on the web pages.

Included are details of each soldiers activities and actions in the Civil War. A summary has been added to each record of the roster to include data from the National Archives as found at Fold3.com. The strength of each company has been tabulated and should be fairly close. An attempt has been made to show the strengths at various points in the war. Those that died from illness or falling off a horse are tabulated, as are desertions. When possible this is done by year, so we can see how many men each c0mpany had. Some data is vague, such as missing rec0rds per year. Missing records were caused by management not closing the loop and finding a soldiers status. We know many records were destroyed by weather, enemy action and to deny the enemy data. I am sure all the missing records fall under one of these. We can add another possible factor. The 1st Sargent was responsible for company records. I have found that these Sargent changed often for various reasons. Sickness, Killed in action, promotion to officer and demotion for various reasons. Records suffered each time the 1st Sargent changed.

The total manpower recorded was 1472 men plus or minus a few. Total KIA Killed in Action was 49, DOW Died of Wounds, 24 and WIA Wounded in Action, 163.  About 376 were captured and paroled or held in prisons. Essentially it can be said that men captured after January 1864 went to prisons, and those before were paroled. There are exceptions.  Some 271 died from various reasons. Most died from disease, small pox, measles, whooping caught, various fevers. But one fell of a train, another fell off his horse. One shot himself chasing Indians. I made him a KIA because it was in battle. Some were murdered in camp during arguments.  About 121 deserted for various reasons, with the most going in 1862 and 1863. When the unit got into serious battle the desertions went down. The unit was at 1004 men in 1862, 754 in 1863, 469 in 1864 and down to 232 when parole in 1865. Discharges took over 218. Most were from disabilities, but some were for over and some under age. Some continued whether over or under.

The capture of 127 soldiers, officers and enlisted at a picket on the Carter Creek Road (Pike) on 27 April 1863, near Franklin, Tennessee must have been both funny and embarassing. They were cought sleeping. Several got away, some died before the parole was complete, and some deserted, joining the Union Army. The Union moved these men from central Tennessee to Ft McHenry, Maryland. and then released them on 10 May 1863 at Ft Monroe, Virginia. Nearly all needed clothing when released. Some needed medical attention. Some boarded the train going west and did not get off until they were home in Texas. Of these most came back to the unit, but some deserted. Most were back to the unit by the end of May.

At Iuka, Mississippi, on 19 September 1862 the Legion lost 19 KIA, 53 POW prisoners, with many wounded, with some dying after the 1st of October. Many of the wounded were paroled on 14 October 1862. The non wounded were paroled on 13 October at Bolivar, Tennessee. Of the soldiers that were wounded many were furloughed. Of these many went to Texas and did not come back. Some due to disabilities. Some deserted. Of the remainder, several choose this time to desert. This is a point where records are weak. Why I qualify the 1st of October, is that the mass grave from the Battle of Iuka were buried that day. We are fairly certain that the 19 who were KIA are in that grave. After this date they were buried in one of the many cemeteries in Iuka.  All Union soldiers buried in Iuka were moved to Nashville to the National Cemetery. The Confederate who had been buried in various places around Iuka, to include backyards, were eventially moved to Shady Grove Cemetery or one of the other cemeteries in town.

The history of the 27th has been corrected as close to actually what happened and when. The alignment of companies has been resolved. Company B was transferred to Ras Stirman’s Regiment of Sharpshooters in July of 1862. It did not return. It stayed with Stirman’s Battalion when the regiment was broke up in November 0f 1862. Its letter was not filled after it was transferred, instead the last company remained N. The 12 Companies were collapsed toward the end of the war to the point that there were two detachments of just over 100 each. The reduction occurred in 1864, but the officers did not resign until January 1865. Of note, Company K is an Arkansas company with men recruited in Polk County, Arkansas, and from transfers from the 14th Arkansas Regiment.

The Battle at Hatchie (Davis) Bridge on 5 October 1862 caused about 80 POWs with many wounded and 10 KIA. Lt Colonel Hawkins in command of the Legion led a portion of the unit out of harms way, and a senior captain led another group to safety, but the the loss of over 90 men was tough. In two weeks the unit had lost about two companies. Many of the wounded returned, but many did not. Again disabilities and desertions where big factors.

During the Holly Springs Raid, the Legion lost 46 POWs with many wounded and 8 KIA basically at Battle of Davis Mills, Mississippi, and the Battle of Middleburg, Tennessee.  Again the factor of desertions and disabilities affected the unit. This was a tough time on the Legion.

But please enjoy the availability of new data. I will also be placing the data sheet on the web page.

 

 

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